PERTH

WESTERN AUSTRALIA

(08) 9370 4544

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Abuse is about power and control

and it is not just physical violence.

FAMILY VIOLENCE

There are many different types of abuse

 

Using Coercion and Threats

  • Making and/or carrying out threats to do something to cause hurt.

  • Threatening to leave, to commit suicide, to report you to social welfare

  • Making you drop charges

  • Making you do illegal things

Using Intimidation

  • Making you afraid by using looks, actions, gestures

  • Smashing things

  • Destroying you're property

  • Abusing pets

  • Displaying weapons

Using Economic Abuse

  • Preventing you from keeping or getting a job

  • Making you ask for money

  • Giving you an allowance

  • Taking your money

  • Not letting you know about or having access to family income

Using Emotional Abuse

  • Putting you down

  • Making you feel bad about yourself

  • Calling you names

  • Making you think you're crazy

  • Playing mind games

  • Humiliating you

  • Making you feel guilty

Using Male Privilege

  • Treating you like a servant

  • Making all the big decisions

  • Acting like the 'master of the castle'

  • Being the one defining the men's and women's roles

Using Isolation

  • Controlling what you do, who you see and talk to, what you read and where you go

  • Limiting your outside involvment

  • Using jealousy to justify actions

Using Children

  • Making you feel guilty about the children

  • Using the children to relay messages

  • Using visitation to harass you

  • Threatening to take the children away

Minimising, Denying, Blaming

  • Making light of the abuse and not taking your concerns about it seriously

  • Stating that the abuse didn't happen

  • Shifting responsibility for the abusive behaviour, saying you caused it

SIGNS

OF

FORCE

AND CONTROL

Physical & Sexual
Violence

Fear

  • Fear is a key element in family and domestic violence and is often the most powerful way a perpetrator controls his victim. Fear is created by giving looks or making gestures, possessing weapons (even if they are not used), destroying property, cruelty to pets - or any behaviour which can be used to intimidate and render the victim powerless.

Verbal Abuse

  • This is using words as a weapon to cause significant damage. This may include screaming, shouting, put-downs, name-calling, swearing, using sarcasm or ridiculing.

Physical Abuse

  • Physical abuse involves physical force that has the intent to intimidate, frighten or harm.

  • It can include behaviour such as pushing, shoving, tripping, hitting, slapping, scratching, elbowing, burning, scalding, choking, attempted strangulation, hair-pulling, punching, biting, spitting, gouging, pinching, dragging, forcing someone to sit, stand or lay down, restricting their movement, blocking their way etc. and may or may not involve the use of weapons.

  • It could also be threats to destroy or actually destroying prized possessions

  • It can also range from a lack of consideration for her physical comfort to causing permanent injury or even death.

  • Physical abuse can result in a person feeling powerless and that their life has become unpredictable resulting in low self-worth, depression and anxiety.

Emotional/Psychological Abuse

 

  • Emotional or psychological abuse can be like being brainwashed. It is a form of control which is designed to seek power over another person by controlling their time, behaviour and environment.

  • It includes behaviour that deliberately undermines someone’s confidence leading them to believe they are stupid, that they are 'a bad mother, useless or even to believe they are going crazy or are insane.

  • This type of abuse humiliates, degrades and demeans the victim and includes the use of obscenities, threats, insults, harassment, put-downs, name calling, being ignored, invalidated, ridiculed, humiliated, criticised, threatened, blackmailed, forced, having privileges with-held, guilt tactics, mind games, implied ‘craziness’ jealousy, isolation etc.

  • The perpetrator may make threats to harm the victim, her friends or family members or to take her children or to commit suicide.

  • The perpetrator may also use silence and withdrawal as a means of abuse.

Social Abuse

  • Social abuse involves persistent manipulative and intimidating behaviours aimed at achieving isolation to increase control over someone. It includes isolating the victim from her social networks and supports either by preventing her from having contact with her family or friends or by verbally or physically abusing her in public or in front of others.

  • It may involve continually putting friends and family down so she is slowly disconnected from her support network.

  • It includes such things as insults, threats, belittling remarks, ridicule, criticism, sarcasm aimed at embarrassing, shaming and humiliating in public.

  • The person may act as possessive and jealous using this as an excuse to justify their behaviour.

  • Social abuse can result in low self-worth, loneliness, depression, anxiety/panic attacks and poor social confidence

Financial Abuse

  • Financial abuse involves the perpetrator taking full control of all the finances, spending and decisions about money so the victim is financially dependent on her partner and is unable to function independently.  This type of abuse is often a contributing factor for women becoming 'trapped' in violent relationships.

  • Examples include things like being denied access to your bank account or having your pay cheque taken, being denied money for personal use or having to account for everything you spent, even having to supply receipts and dockets.

  • It can also include not being allowed to get employment or keep your job, spending money inappropriately, selling or hocking your possessions, accumulating debt etc.

Sexual Abuse

  • Sexual abuse involves any unwanted sexual acts or behaviours. This may include forced sexual contact, rape, forcing her to perform sexual acts that cause pain or humiliation, forcing her to have sex with others or causing injury to her sexual organs.

Spiritual Abuse

  • This involves ridiculing or putting down someone’s beliefs and culture, preventing them from belonging to or taking part in a group that is important to their spiritual beliefs or from practicing their religion.

Controlling Behaviours and Intimidation

  • Control is a part of all types of abuse as described above but includes the perpetrator dictating what she does, who she sees and talks to, where she goes, keeping her from making any friends or from talking to her family or having any money of her own.

  • This can include preventing her from going to work, not allowing her to express her own feelings or thoughts or make decisions for herself, not allowing her any privacy or forcing her to go without food or water.

  • Intimidation is also a part of most types of abuse and includes smashing things, destroying her possessions, putting a fist through the wall, handling of guns or other weapons, using intimidating body language (angry looks, raised voice), hostile questioning of the victim or reckless driving with the victim in the car.

  • It may also include harassing the victim at her workplace either by making persistent phone calls or sending text messages or emails, following her to and from work or loitering near her workplace.

Separation Violence

  • Often after the relationship has ended the violence may continue.  This can be a very dangerous time for the victim because the perpetrator may perceive a loss of control over the victim and may become more unpredictable.

  • During and after separation is often a time when violence will escalate leaving the victim more unsafe than previously.

Stalking

  • Sometimes the victim is stalked by the perpetrator either before or after separation. Stalking includes loitering around places she is known to frequent, watching her, following her, making persistent telephone calls and sending mail including unwanted love letters, cards and gifts  even though the relationship has ended.

  • Stalking is a criminal offence. Stalking is any one of the above behaviours occurring repeatedly or a variety of the above behaviours.